Canada marked its 150th anniversary as a country in towns, cities and at backyard barbecues nationwide.
Revelers, police and some protesters converged on Canada’s national capital on Saturday for a party that has been years in the planning.
The biggest bash was at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, where thousands of people joined the celebrations.
Large crowds turned out in their droves – albeit huddled under umbrellas, trying to avoid the rain.
“One-fifty is only going to happen once,” Mr. Salamati said. “By the time we hit Canada 200, we might not be able to do this trip.”
The celebrations included a concert by Canadian artists, a display from Canada’s aerobatics squadron the Snowbirds, a citizenship ceremony for new Canadians, and a massive fireworks display.
Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who has made inclusiveness a political calling card, gave a speech celebrating that attribute.
“We don’t care where you’re from or what religion you practise, or whom you love – you are all welcome in Canada,” he said to cheers from the crowd.
Mr. Trudeau’s speech was delivered in both English and French, a tradition in Canada, which recognises both as its official languages.
“This is as good a reason as any to reflect on our past, to cheer on today, and to recommit ourselves to the future,” he said to the 25,000 partygoers who had waited hours to get past security and on to the parliament’s lawn.
But he also took a moment to remember Canada’s indigenous people, whom he said had been “the victims of oppression” since the first settlers arrived.
“As a society, we must acknowledge past mistakes,” he said, telling the audience that there was still much work to be done in order to achieve reconciliation.
However, Canada, he said, was determined to see reconciliation over the coming years and decades.
“It is a choice we make not because of what we did, or who we were, but because of who we are,” Mr. Trudeau said.
Indigenous culture was represented in many ways across the festivities, with a number of indigenous performers participating in Canada Day concerts in the capital region.
But some indigenous peoples refused to recognise Canada 150, saying it represented more than a hundred years of colonisation.
Sandwiched between security fences and to the west of the main stage on the parliament’s lawn, a group of indigenous protesters set up a teepee.
They were allowed to stay on Parliament Hill after erecting the structure in the early hours of Thursday morning in what organisers called a “reoccupation”.
Jess Bolduc, from the Anishinaabe First Nation, said she hoped the day would be one of “conversation and dialogue” when Canada Day revellers flood the lawn.
“In celebrating Canada 150, we’re celebrating a half-truth,” she said.
“We need to be thinking about the tens of thousands of years indigenous people have been, and continue to be, here.”
Prince Charles’ mother, the Queen, is Canada’s head of state.
Canada Day, held on 1 July each year, marks the merging of four former British colonies into a single new country. It is a national holiday.