The Nigerian government has been urged to change its security process by encouraging surveillance intelligence gathering instead of investigative intelligence.
A security expert, Dr Bone Efoziem made this statement in Lagos while speaking on the topic ‘Solving Security Challenges through intelligence’ at an annual lecture/award ceremony organised by Crime Reporters Association of Nigeria.
Dr Efoziem said the government needs to make a shift from the reactionary practice to practical operations in view of the security situation in the nation.
“For example, if we must stop the proliferation of small arms and light weapons in Nigeria, it requires inter-agency relations. If we must deal with armed robbery, kidnapping, militancy, insurgency there is need to check sources of arms and make efforts to retrieve arms in the wrongs hands and properly guide our porous borders,” he said.
He added “it also calls for inter-agency relations with our neighbouring countries just as we have seen the progress being made in Operation Lafiya Dole through the combined efforts of the Multi-national Joint Military Task Force.”
The law enforcement officers who were also present were appreciated for the role played everyday to secure Nigerians.
Those who at one point or the other had done exceptionally well in their duties were given awards for excellence.
Another purpose for the forum was to forge a synergy through sharing of intelligence among various security operatives and to also enhance their working relationship with the media.
It was also a time to discuss ways of improving safety of lives and property in Nigeria through intelligence gathering.
This is coming at a time when nation is facing Boko Haram insurgency in the north east, militancy, kidnapping and cultism in the south among others.
All these challenges stem from proliferation of small arms and terrorism financing which Dr Bone Efoziem says there is need to checkmate their sources.
Dr Efoziem reiterated that government should direct more resources towards trainings, operations, equipment to encourage surveillance intelligence which is preventive than investigative intelligence which is curative to tackle the security situation in Nigeria.
“As a nation, we need to create an administrative intelligence and data service through registration and control regulations such as registration of faith based organisations, track and carryout geographic profiling of crime, criminals and security service in practice. Our intelligence practice should be supported with the full implementation of crime prevention through environmental design,” said Dr Efoziem.
Another point raised at the gathering was the importance of improved personnel relationship with the public as an effective way of solving security challenges in Nigeria.