Sub-Sahara Africa home to most children affected by emergencies

Rafat Salami

Unicef says Sub-Saharan Africa is home to nearly three-quarters of the global number of children living in countries affected by emergencies.

Ahead of the commemoration of UNICEFs 70th anniversary on Sunday said Sub Saharan Africa is second only to the Middle East and North Africa where 12 per cent of these children reside.

Unicef said about 535 million children – nearly one in four – live in countries affected by conflict or disaster, often without access to medical care, quality education, proper nutrition and protection.

The new figures are released as UNICEF will on Sunday 11 December 2016, marks 70 years of work to bring life-saving aid, long-term support, and hope to children whose lives and futures are threatened by conflict, crises, poverty, inequality and discrimination.

A statement quotes the UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake as saying that the precariousness of children’s situation globally, again highlights the reason UNICEF was set up.

UNICEF was established to bring help and hope to children whose lives and futures are endangered by conflict and deprivation, and this enormous figure – representing the individual lives of half a billion children – is a sharp reminder that our mission is becoming more urgent every day,” he said.

UNICEF said the emergencies faced today by the most vulnerable children threaten to undermine immense progress made in recent decades: ‘’since 1990, the number of children dying before their fifth birthday halved and hundreds of millions of children have been lifted out of poverty. Out-of-school rates among primary-school-aged children have reduced by more than 40 per cent between 1990 and 2014.’’

UNICEF said the impact of conflict, natural disasters and climate change is forcing children to flee their homes, trapping them behind conflict lines, and putting them at risk of disease, violence and exploitation.

According to Unicef, countries where children are living in peril include:

  • In north eastern Nigeria, nearly 1.8 million people are displaced, almost 1 million of them are children.
  • In South Sudan, 59 per cent of primary-aged children are out of school and 1 in 3 schools is closed in conflict affected areas.
  • As violence continues to escalate across Syria, the number of children living under siege has doubled in less than one year. Nearly 500,000 children now live in 16 besieged areas across the country, almost completely cut off from sustained humanitarian aid and basic services.
  • In Afghanistan, nearly half of primary-aged children are out of school.
  • In Yemen, nearly 10 million children are affected by the conflict
  • More than two months after Hurricane Matthew hit Haiti, more than 90,000 children under five remain in need of assistance

Despite significant progress, too many children are being left behind because of their gender, race, religion, ethnic group or disability; because they live in poverty or in hard-to-reach communities; or simply because they are children.

Anthony Lake said all children deserve to be protected at all times

“Whether children live in a country in conflict or a country in peace, their development is critical not only to their individual futures but also to the future of their societies,” said Lake.