Coup claims as Samoa PM-elect locked out of parliament
Samoa’s Prime Minister-elect, Fiame Naomi Mata’afa has been locked out of the Pacific nation’s parliament after her political rival refused to cede power despite losing a general election in April.
Mata’afa arrived at the Pacific nation’s parliament on Monday, accompanied by judges, ready to form a new government and take the oath as the country’s first female prime minister.
But police barred her from entering the legislative chamber and the parliament clerk said he could only allow parliament to sit on the orders of the appointed head of state, an ally of outgoing Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi.
The fast-moving events marked the latest twist in a bitter power struggle, with Malielegaoi – who has governed Samoa for 22 years – refusing to relinquish power, even though the courts have confirmed Mata’afa’s narrow election win in last month’s vote.
Barred from entering the legislative chamber, Mata’afa and members of her party held an ad-hoc oath-taking ceremony in a large marquee in the gardens of parliament, as supporters sang hymns and police looked on.
The ceremony took place without the head of state, the chief justice or members of Malielegaoi’s party.
Prior to the oath taking ceremony, Malielegaoi held a news conference proclaiming his government remained in charge.
“There is only one government in Samoa, even if we are just the custodian government,” he said. “We remain in this role and operate business as usual.”
Samoa, an island nation of 220,000 people, was plunged into crisis when an April 9 election ended in a 25-25 tie between Mata’afa’s FAST Party and Malielegaoi’s Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP), with one independent candidate.
The electoral commissioner intervened, appointing another HRPP candidate, supposedly to conform to constitutional provisions setting out the minimum quota of women in parliament. The independent candidate, meanwhile, chose to go with FAST, making it 26-26.
Malielegaoi then persuaded the nation’s head of state, Tuimalealiifano Vaaletoa Sualauvi II to call a second election for May 21. But FAST appealed and the Supreme Court last week ruled against the appointed candidate and the plans for the new elections, restoring Mata’afa’s party to a 26-25 majority.
Sualauvi responded by suspending the parliament and appears to have refused to rescind the order despite the Supreme Court overturning the decision during a rare sitting on Sunday.
Ahead of Monday’s scheduled convening of the parliament, Chief Justice Satiu Simativa Perese led a procession of judges from the Supreme Court to swear in the new legislative chamber. But when confronted with a locked door, the judges turned around and headed back to the court.
Perese did not attend Mata’afa’s makeshift oath-taking ceremony later in the day.
The prime minister-elect has previously accused Malielegaoi of threatening Samoa’s democracy.
With the constitutional crisis deepening, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said she hoped “cool, calm heads” would prevail.
Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne expressed similar sentiments.
Samoa gained independence in 1962 after nearly 50 years as a New Zealand protectorate and the incumbent HRPP has been in power since 1982, apart from a brief coalition period in 1986-87.