E-Transmission of election results will reduce fraud in Nigeria – Jega
The Former Chairman, Independent National Election Commission (INEC), in Nigeria, Professor Attahiru Jega, has said the electronic transmission of results will reduce the rate of election fraud in Nigeria.
Professor Jega disclosed this in an interview with Nigerian journalists on the sideline of the ongoing ECOWAS Parliament’s High-level Seminar on Thursday in Winneba, Ghana.
The Seminar themed “Two Decades of Democratic Elections in the ECOWAS Member States: Achievements, Challenges, Challenges and the Way Forward” seeks to proffer solutions to electoral inconsistencies in the Member States.
Professor Jega commended the passage of the bill by the National Assembly which empowers INEC to transmit results electronically, stating that it is one of the legal frameworks that will guarantee credible elections in the country.
“I have no doubt that Nigeria has the competence and capacity to deeply electronic transmission of the result.
“Since 2012, INEC has been piloting an electronic transmission of result system with robust software, with robust security, and they have piloted it in many elections.
“I am happy now that the National Assembly has agreed for this to be done and has created the legal framework.
“One of the major areas where fraud takes place in the elections of Nigeria is in the transmission of results manually.
“From the polling units to the ward level, to the constituency level, electronic transmission of results will wipe this out,” Jega said.
Professor Jega also urged Nigerians to trust the new process adding that it is wrong to assume that results will not be accurately transmitted without 100 per cent network coverage.
He said that even in developed countries, they are sometimes confronted with the challenge of poor network, but once 70 per cent of results can be transmitted electronically, it is a pass.
“It is wrong to assume that if you cannot have 100 per cent coverage internet coverage then you cannot do electronic transmission of results, who says so?
“If you can do it in 80 per cent of the polling units, or even 70 per cent, it is still an A and you will have eliminated fraud in 70 per cent or 80 per cent of the polling units in terms of transmission.
“Even in developed countries, there are still areas where you can have challenges of internet connectivity.
“We have to accept that in these modern times, we can use technology to improve the integrity of elections and it is the only way to go,” Professor Jega added.
He also urged the National Assembly to review the draft bill that allows the trend of extreme monetization of politics in Nigeria which allows only the rich to participate in politics.
“There are other things in the draft bill, for example, monetization of politics, they have increased the threshold.
“They said to be President, you can spend up to 2 billion nairas in campaigns, to be a governor you can spend up to 1 billion, to be senator you can spend up to 500 million nairas and this is extreme monetization of politics.
Professor Jega explained that these are other provisions that the members of the National Assembly need to consider and drastically reduce otherwise the country’s democracy will be like plutocracy, which is government for the rich.