Nigeria, Vietnam sign defence cooperation agreement in Hanoi

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Nigeria and Vietnam on Monday in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam, signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Defence cooperation between the two countries.

The signing of the agreement was one of the highlights of the bilateral meeting between both Nigeria’s Vice President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo and his Vietnamese counterpart, Madam Võ Thị Ánh Xuân, at the Presidential Palace in Hanoi.

Nigeria’s Ambassador to Vietnam; Ambassador Hassan Adamu Mamani, signed for Nigeria; Vietnamese Deputy Minister of National Defence; Senior Lt. Gen. Hoang Xuan Chien, signed on behalf of his country.

Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media and Publicity, Laolu Akande stated this in a release on Monday.

Akande said the need for improved collaboration between Nigeria and Vietnam was the focus of the bilateral meeting between Prof. Osinbajo and Madam Xuân.

The Presidential spokesman said that in a determined effort to deepen the long-standing bilateral relations between Nigeria and Vietnam, both countries also plan to work more together, particularly in the areas of digital economy, telecommunications, agriculture and trade, among others, for the mutual benefit of the citizens.

According to Akande, the vice president is on a three-day official visit to the Southeast Asian nation, the first high-level trip from the Nigerian Presidency since 2005 when then President, Olusegun Obasanjo visited.

He said Prof. Osinbajo and Madam Xuân acknowledged the countries’ great market potential generally and especially in digital economy, telecommunications, agriculture (especially cashew nut processing) and trade.

Digital Economy

According to the Vice President, “There are vast opportunities that exist for cooperation and collaboration, especially in the area of digital economy and telecoms and we look forward to the signing of some of the agreements that we have spoken about – the trade and investment agreements, trade projection agreements, double taxation agreements.

“We look forward to accelerating the process, ensuring that those agreements are signed because they are vital to the collaborations that we will see between our countries in the coming years.”

Prof. Osinbajo also harped on the need for Nigeria and Vietnam to cooperate in the area of digital economy, pointing out that despite the COVID-19 disruptions and other occurrences that affected the economy, Nigeria has built, over the past few years, six companies that are engaged in fintech and e-commerce, now described as Unicorns (companies that are valued over a billion dollars each).

“We think that there are opportunities for collaboration between Nigeria and Vietnam, especially in the Digital Economy space. We also have a growing telecoms market, possibly one of the deepest penetrations of telecoms in the developing world. We have close to 120 million of our citizens who have put to use telecoms equipment or devices. And also, broadband connectivity is vastly improved. We hope that by 2025, we will have broadband connectivity for all of our over 200 million people,” he noted.


Akande said Prof. Osinbajo also spoke on agriculture, stating that “For instance, establishing cashew processing plants in Nigeria. What has happened in the past was the export of raw cashew, but at this point, we are concerned about value addition. We will like to see value addition.

“This is an area where Vietnam obviously has significant advantage and experience in the area of cashew processing. If these cashew processing centres are established in Nigeria, we will be able to have an opportunity to add value to raw cashew. In that way, we will draw from the benefits that our countries can derive from the cashew value chain.”


On Vietnam’s quest to establish relations with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Prof. Osinbajo assured his Vietnamese counterpart that “we will certainly support Vietnam’s establishment of relations with ECOWAS, we think that it is a very positive thing indeed and we are very mindful of the opportunities that will be created with that kind of collaboration.”

“I just wanted to also add that Nigeria is the largest economy in Africa and this puts us at the centre of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement, which opens up trade in what will become the world’s largest free trade zone.

“We think that Nigeria as the gateway to the rest of Africa is strategic, and we hope that with some of the collaborations that we will be able to sign – specifically trade and industry agreements, Vietnam will see the opportunity in using Nigeria as a staging post for entry into the African Free Trade Zone and for greater collaboration with Africa,” the VP added.

On her part, the Vietnamese Vice President commended Nigeria’s leadership role in the ECOWAS sub-region and in Africa generally, especially in the peaceful resolution of disputes based on international laws, and in the handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.

She expressed confidence in Nigeria’s capability to resolve challenges confronting the continent and sub-region and sought the country’s support for Vietnam’s quest to establish relations with ECOWAS.


Madam Xuan also appreciated Nigeria’s support to Vietnam, especially in supporting her country’s candidates at multilateral forums, including United Nations, among others.

She spoke about the advance of digital transformation in Vietnam and also stated the country’s commitment to the global energy transition, adding that her country would continue to work with Africa to meet its aspirations in agriculture, clean energy and digital penetration.

Shortly before arriving the Presidential Palace, Osinbajo visited the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum to pay respect to the late Vietnamese leader, Ho Chi Minh.

Akande said Prof. Osinbajo would later on Monday be hosted to a State Banquet by the Vietnamese Vice President, Madam Xuan which will be preceded by a meeting with Prime Minister, Phạm Minh Chính.

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