Study shows women prone to heart attack than men

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A new study has shown that women are prone and more to die after a heart attack when compared to men. The study discovered that 11.8 per cent of women die within 30 days after a heart attack compared with just 4.6 per cent of men.

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However, the study, which was presented at the ‘Heart Failure 2023 Conference’ organised by the European Society of Cardiology, found that nearly a third of women studied had died within five years of a heart attack compared with 19.8 percent of men. For the study, the researchers included 884 patients with an average age of 62. Just over a quarter of the participants were women.

The researchers also discovered that women under 55 tend to wait an average of 95 minutes in hospital for treatment, whereas men of the same age were treated after 80 minutes.

After five years, 32.1 per cent of women had died compared to 16.9 per cent of men, and 34.2 per cent of women experienced a major adverse cardiac event (MACE) compared to 19.8% of men. As MACE, the authors considered all-cause death, re-infarction, hospitalisations for heart failure, and stroke.

The researchers also analysed a subset of 435 patients aged 55 and older, matching men and women according to risk factors. Once again, women experienced more adverse outcomes than men.

One of the study’s authors, Dr. Mariana Martinho of Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal, in a press release, noted that the study did not examine reasons for different outcomes among men and women. Dr. Martinho, however, said typical symptoms of a heart attack in women and genetic predisposition may play a role. She added that her team did not find any differences in medication used to lower blood pressure or lipid levels between men and women.

When asked what might explain why women have higher mortality rates than men following a heart attack, a Medical Director of Pritikin Longevity Center, Dr. Danine Fruge, told Medical News Today that women tend to develop microvascular disease which makes a heart attack more challenging to recognize and to treat.

“Instead of the classic chest pain, women commonly experience atypical symptoms during a heart attack, such as indigestion or shoulder pain which is often ignored. The more time a heart attack goes untreated, the more damage to your body, so women often have an increased mortality rate by the time they present for treatment.Furthermore, men often receive a stent to open a blocked artery following a heart attack, but women often cannot because their arteries are smaller in diameter which also leads to poorer outcomes after a heart attack,” she added.



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